HomeConditionsChronic ITP

Chronic ITP

Chronic ITP is an autoimmune disorder characterized by a low platelet count in the blood. Its exact cause is unknown, but it may be triggered by viral infections or other factors. Symptoms include bruising, nosebleeds, and bleeding gums. Diagnosis involves medical history review and blood tests. Treatment options include observation, medications, IVIG, splenectomy, and supportive care. Close collaboration with healthcare professionals is vital for managing chronic ITP effectively.

Best medications for Chronic ITP

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
Solu-CORTEFCorticosteroidsInjection500, 250, 1000, 100 MGfrom$4745.98
CortefCorticosteroidsOral20, 10, 5 MGfrom$6.47
MedrolCorticosteroidsInjection500, 16, 80, 8, 32, 20, 1000, 4, 40, 2, 125 MG/MLfrom$26.23
DEPO-MedrolCorticosteroidsInjection80, 20, 40 MG/MLfrom$5.01
SOLU-MedrolCorticosteroidsInjection500, 1000, 40, 2, 125 MGfrom$306.20
RayosCorticosteroidsOral5, 2, 1 MGfrom$1313.00
dexAMETHasone IntensolCorticosteroidsOral1 MG/MLfrom$26.57
DexablissCorticosteroidsOral1.5 MG (39)from$420.66
PediapredCorticosteroidsOral6.7 (5 Base) MG/5MLfrom$18.34
prednisoLONECorticosteroidsOral6.7 (5 Base), 0.3-0.6, 1-0.075, 0.12, 1-0.1, 10-0.2, 1, 10-0.23, 15, 20, 5, 10, 1-0.5, 25, 0.3-1, 30 MGfrom$66.63

Introduction

Chronic Immune Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) is a disorder characterized by a low platelet count in the blood. It is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system mistakenly recognizes the body's own platelets as foreign, leading to their destruction. ITP is a chronic condition, meaning it persists for more than six months. This article aims to provide an overview of chronic ITP, its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.

Causes

The exact cause of chronic ITP is still unknown. However, it is believed to be an autoimmune disorder, indicating that the immune system mistakenly targets and destroys platelets. In some cases, chronic ITP can develop after a viral infection, such as hepatitis C or HIV. Other potential triggers include certain medications, pregnancy, or other underlying autoimmune diseases.

Symptoms

The primary symptom of chronic ITP is a low platelet count, resulting in increased bleeding and bruising. Individuals with chronic ITP may experience prolonged or excessive bleeding from minor injuries or spontaneously. Common symptoms include: 1. Unexplained or excessive bruising 2. Superficial bleeding under the skin, resulting in purple or red spots (petechiae) 3. Frequent nosebleeds 4. Bleeding gums 5. Heavy or prolonged menstrual periods 6. Blood in the urine or stools It is important to note that the severity and frequency of symptoms may vary between individuals.

Diagnosis

To diagnose chronic ITP, a healthcare professional will review the individual's medical history and perform a physical examination. Blood tests, such as a complete blood count (CBC) and platelet antibody testing, may be conducted to assess the platelet count and detect any antibodies targeting platelets. In some cases, a bone marrow biopsy may be recommended to rule out other potential causes.

Treatment

Treatment options for chronic ITP aim to increase the platelet count, prevent bleeding, and manage symptoms. The choice of treatment depends on the individual's age, overall health, platelet count, and severity of symptoms. Common treatment approaches include: 1. Observation: In mild cases, where symptoms are minimal, close observation and monitoring of platelet counts may be all that is necessary. 2. Medications: Corticosteroids, such as prednisone, may be prescribed to suppress the immune system and reduce platelet destruction. Other medications, such as immunosuppressants or thrombopoietin receptor agonists, may also be used. 3. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG): This treatment involves infusing high doses of immunoglobulins to temporarily raise the platelet count. 4. Splenectomy: The surgical removal of the spleen, which plays a role in platelet destruction, may be considered for individuals who do not respond to other treatments. 5. Supportive care: This includes measures to control bleeding, such as avoiding activities that may cause injury, using soft-bristled toothbrushes, and avoiding certain medications that can increase the risk of bleeding. It is important for individuals with chronic ITP to work closely with their healthcare team to develop an individualized treatment plan based on their specific needs and circumstances.

Conclusion

Chronic ITP is a chronic autoimmune condition characterized by a low platelet count. While its specific cause is unknown, it is believed to result from an immune system dysfunction. Symptoms can range from mild to severe, with increased bleeding and bruising being common. Diagnosis involves a thorough medical evaluation and blood tests, and treatment options aim to increase platelet count and manage symptoms. With appropriate medical care and management, individuals with chronic ITP can lead