HomeConditionsStomach Cancer

Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a relatively rare but serious form of cancer that develops in the cells lining the stomach. It is often diagnosed in its later stages when symptoms like abdominal pain, weight loss, and difficulty swallowing become noticeable. The causes of stomach cancer include Helicobacter pylori infection, diet, family history, smoking, age, and gender. Diagnostic tests such as endoscopy and imaging scans help confirm the presence of cancer. Treatment options include surgery,

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Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a type of cancer that develops in the cells lining the stomach. It is considered a relatively rare form of cancer, but it remains one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Stomach cancer often develops slowly over many years and may go unnoticed in its early stages. However, as the cancer progresses, it can cause a range of symptoms and potentially become life-threatening.

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of stomach cancer is not fully understood. However, researchers believe that several factors can increase an individual's risk of developing this disease. These risk factors include: 1. Helicobacter pylori infection: This bacterial infection is a common cause of stomach ulcers and chronic gastritis, and it is also known to increase the risk of stomach cancer. 2. Diet: Consuming a diet rich in smoked, salty, or pickled foods, and low in fruits and vegetables, has been associated with a higher risk of stomach cancer. 3. Family history: Individuals with a family history of stomach cancer have a slightly increased risk of developing the disease themselves. 4. Smoking: Cigarette smoking has been linked to an increased risk of stomach cancer. 5. Age and gender: Stomach cancer is more common in older individuals, and men are more likely to develop the disease than women.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

In the early stages, stomach cancer may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, as the disease progresses, individuals may experience the following symptoms: 1. Persistent abdominal pain or discomfort 2. Feeling full or bloated after eating small amounts of food 3. Unexplained weight loss 4. Nausea and vomiting 5. Difficulty swallowing 6. Fatigue 7. Blood in the stool or black, tarry stools If stomach cancer is suspected, various diagnostic tests may be performed, including: 1. Upper endoscopy: A procedure in which a flexible tube with a camera at the end is inserted through the mouth to examine the stomach and collect tissue samples for biopsy. 2. Imaging tests: X-rays, CT scans, or MRI scans may be used to visualize the stomach and detect any abnormalities. 3. Biopsy: A sample of stomach tissue is collected during an endoscopy or surgery and examined under a microscope to confirm the presence of cancer cells.


The treatment options for stomach cancer depend on the stage of the disease and other individual factors. The primary treatment modalities include: 1. Surgery: Surgery is often performed to remove the cancerous tumor along with surrounding tissues. In some cases, a partial or complete removal of the stomach may be necessary. 2. Chemotherapy: Powerful medications are used to kill cancer cells or slow their growth. Chemotherapy may be administered before surgery (neoadjuvant) to shrink the tumor or after surgery (adjuvant) to kill any remaining cancer cells. 3. Radiation therapy: High-energy rays, such as X-rays, are used to destroy cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be employed before or after surgery, or sometimes as the primary treatment option for individuals who are unable to undergo surgery.

Prevention and Outlook

While it is not always possible to prevent stomach cancer, certain steps may help reduce the risk. These include: 1. Avoiding or treating Helicobacter pylori infection 2. Adopting a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables 3. Quitting smoking 4. Limiting the consumption of smoked, pickled, and salty foods 5. Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight The outlook for individuals with stomach cancer varies depending on the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed and the treatment