Stroke

Stroke is a dangerous medical condition caused by disrupted blood flow to the brain. There are two types of strokes: ischemic and hemorrhagic. Recognizing symptoms, seeking immediate treatment, and making lifestyle changes can help prevent and manage strokes.

Best medications for Stroke

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
EliquisDirect-Acting Oral AnticoagulantsOral2.5, 5 MGfrom$578.62
PlavixAntiplatelet DrugsOral75 MGfrom$9.73
PraluentPCSK9 InhibitorsSubcutaneous75, 150 MG/MLfrom$257.02
Aspirin-Dipyridamole ERAntiplatelet / NSAID CombinationsOral25-200 MGfrom$28.00
DurlazaNSAIDsOral162.5 MGfrom$183.19
MicardisARBsOral80, 80-12.5, 40-12.5, 80-25, 20, 40 MGfrom$11.91
PradaxaDirect-Acting Oral AnticoagulantsOral110, 150, 20, 50, 40, 75, 30 MGfrom$18.80
Dabigatran Etexilate MesylateAnticoagulantsOral110, 150, 20, 50, 40, 75, 30 MGfrom$18.80
SavaysaDirect-Acting Oral AnticoagulantsOral15, 60, 30 MGfrom$438.42
ZontivityAntiplatelet DrugsOral2.08 MGfrom$408.16

Stroke

A stroke is a medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, either due to a blockage or bleeding in the brain. It is a serious and life-threatening condition that requires immediate medical attention. Strokes can cause a range of symptoms depending on the area of the brain affected and the extent of the damage.

Types of Strokes

There are two main types of strokes:

Ischemic Stroke

An ischemic stroke occurs when a blood clot or a narrowed artery blocks or reduces blood flow to the brain. This accounts for about 80% of all strokes. Common causes of ischemic strokes include atherosclerosis (the buildup of plaque in the arteries), heart disease, and blood clots that travel from other parts of the body.

Hemorrhagic Stroke

A hemorrhagic stroke occurs when a weakened blood vessel ruptures and bleeds into the brain. This type of stroke accounts for about 20% of all strokes. High blood pressure, brain aneurysms, and blood vessel abnormalities are common causes of hemorrhagic strokes.

Symptoms of Stroke

Recognizing the symptoms of a stroke is crucial in seeking immediate medical help. The common signs and symptoms of a stroke include:

  • Sudden numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body

  • Difficulty speaking or understanding speech

  • Confusion or trouble with coordination

  • Severe headache with no known cause

  • Trouble with vision in one or both eyes

If you or someone around you experiences any of these symptoms, it is important to call emergency services right away. Time is of the essence in stroke treatment to minimize damage to the brain.

Treatment and Prevention

Immediate medical attention is vital for stroke treatment. Depending on the type and cause of stroke, treatment options may include:

  • Administering clot-busting medications to dissolve blood clots

  • Surgical intervention to repair bleeding blood vessels or remove blood clots

  • Rehabilitation therapy to regain lost functions and improve overall recovery

  • Medications to control risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes

Prevention plays a crucial role in reducing the risk of stroke. Lifestyle modifications such as regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, eating a balanced diet, quitting smoking, and managing chronic conditions can greatly reduce the likelihood of experiencing a stroke.

Conclusion

Stroke is a serious medical emergency that requires immediate medical attention. Being aware of the symptoms, seeking timely treatment, and adopting a healthy lifestyle are crucial in preventing, managing, and recovering from a stroke. Understanding the different types of strokes and their causes can also help individuals make informed decisions about their health.