Demulcents: Uses, Common Brands, and Safety Info

Demulcents are drugs that soothe dryness and irritation in various parts of the body. They come in different forms and are used for ocular, oral, and gastrointestinal discomfort. Common brands include Artificial Tears and Lacrisert. Demulcents are generally safe when used as directed, but it is important to follow instructions and consult a healthcare professional if needed.


Demulcents are a class of drugs that are commonly used to provide relief for dryness and irritation in various parts of the body. These medications work by forming a protective and soothing layer over the affected areas, helping to alleviate discomfort and promote healing. Demulcents are available in different forms, including eye drops, ointments, lozenges, and gastrointestinal formulations. They can be purchased over-the-counter or prescribed by a healthcare professional.

Uses of Demulcents

Demulcents are primarily used to relieve symptoms associated with dryness and irritation. Here are some of the conditions in which demulcents are commonly employed:

Ocular Dryness

Demulcents in the form of eye drops, such as Artificial Tears, are frequently used to alleviate dryness and discomfort in the eyes. These lubricating drops help to moisten the surface of the eye, providing relief for conditions such as dry eye syndrome, which may be caused by factors such as age, environmental conditions, or prolonged computer use.

Oral Dryness

For individuals experiencing persistent dryness and irritation in the mouth or throat, demulcents in the form of lozenges or gargles can provide relief. These products, commonly available under various brand names, work by creating a soothing coating in the mouth and throat, reducing discomfort caused by conditions such as dry mouth or sore throat.

Gastrointestinal Discomfort

In some cases, demulcents may be used to alleviate gastrointestinal symptoms such as heartburn, acid reflux, or stomach ulcers. Certain antacids and formulations containing demulcent properties can create a protective barrier in the stomach, providing temporary relief and promoting the healing process.

Common Brands

There are several brands available in the market that offer demulcent products. Here are a couple of examples:

  • Artificial Tears: This well-known brand offers a range of lubricating eye drops specially formulated to relieve dryness and soothe the eyes.

  • Lacrisert: Lacrisert is a brand that produces sterile ophthalmic inserts. These inserts work by lubricating the surface of the eye and are commonly used to address dry eye symptoms.

Safety Considerations

Demulcents are generally considered safe when used as directed. However, it is essential to follow the recommended dosages and use instructions provided with the specific product. While side effects are rare, individuals may experience mild irritation or allergic reactions in some cases. If any adverse reactions occur or if symptoms persist, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

Additionally, it is important to note that demulcents may not be suitable for everyone. Individuals with specific medical conditions or those taking other medications should consult with their healthcare provider before using demulcent products to ensure compatibility and safety.

In conclusion, demulcents are a class of drugs commonly used to provide relief for dryness and irritation in various parts of the body. They work by forming a protective coating to soothe the affected area. Demulcents can be used for ocular, oral, and gastrointestinal discomfort and are available under various brand names such as Artificial Tears and Lacrisert. When used as directed, demulcents are generally safe, but individuals should follow dosing instructions and consult a healthcare professional if needed.

List of Demulcents