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Interferon Gammas: Uses, Common Brands, and Safety Info

Interferon gammas are a class of drugs used to enhance the immune system's response in treating conditions like hepatitis B and C, chronic granulomatous disease, malignant osteopetrosis, and certain types of cancer. Common brands include Pegasys, Intron A, and Actimmune. While these drugs can have side effects, they should be used under medical supervision, with potential side effects including flu-like symptoms, mood changes, and liver problems. Regular monitoring and adherence to prescribed dosage

Interferon Gammas

Interferon gammas are a class of drugs that are commonly used in the treatment of various conditions, primarily those associated with the immune system. These drugs work by regulating and enhancing the body's immune response to fight off infections and cancerous cells.


Interferon gammas are mainly used in the treatment of:

  • Hepatitis B and C: These drugs help to suppress viral replication and reduce inflammation in the liver. Commonly prescribed brands for hepatitis B and C include Pegasys, Intron A, and Actimmune.

  • Chronic Granulomatous Disease (CGD): Interferon gammas can be used to boost the immune system in individuals with CGD, a rare genetic disorder that affects the body's ability to fight off bacterial and fungal infections.

  • Malignant Osteopetrosis: This rare inherited condition leads to abnormal bone growth and interferon gammas can help enhance the immune system's defense against infections.

  • Some types of cancer: In certain cases, interferon gammas may be used in combination with other therapies to treat different types of cancer, including melanoma, hairy cell leukemia, and Kaposi sarcoma.

Common Brands

Some common brands of interferon gammas available on the market include:

  • Pegasys: Used for the treatment of hepatitis B and C, as well as certain types of cancer.

  • Intron A: Primarily prescribed for hepatitis B and C treatment.

  • Actimmune: Used to treat Chronic Granulomatous Disease.

  • Roferon-A: Used for the treatment of hairy cell leukemia and malignant osteopetrosis.


Interferon gammas should only be used under the guidance and supervision of a healthcare professional. Like any medication, they may cause side effects, which can vary depending on the individual and the specific drug being used. Common side effects may include flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, fatigue, and muscle or joint pain. Long-term use of interferon gammas may lead to more severe side effects, including depression, mood changes, and liver problems.

It is important to discuss any existing medical conditions, medications, or allergies with your healthcare provider before starting interferon gamma therapy. They can assess the potential benefits and risks of the drug in relation to your specific situation. Regular monitoring of blood counts, liver function, and other parameters may be necessary during treatment.

It's crucial to follow the prescribed dosage and administration instructions provided by your healthcare provider. If you experience any concerning or persistent side effects, it's important to reach out to your doctor for further evaluation and guidance.

List of Interferon Gammas