HomeConditionsAdrenal Cancer

Adrenal Cancer

Adrenal cancer, also known as adrenocortical carcinoma, is a rare form of cancer that affects the adrenal glands. The exact cause is unknown, but it may be linked to genetic mutations or environmental factors. Symptoms include abdominal pain, weight loss, fatigue, and high blood pressure. Diagnosis involves imaging tests, blood tests, and a biopsy. Treatment options include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. There are currently no known methods for preventing adrenal cancer.

Best medications for Adrenal Cancer

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
LysodrenAdrenal Cytotoxic AgentsOral500 MGfrom$428.09
Propranolol HClBeta BlockersOral4.28, 60, 80, 120, 1, 20, 160, 10, 40 MG/5MLfrom$24.26
DemserCatecholamine Synthesis InhibitorsOral250 MGfrom$3415.03
RozlytrekKinase InhibitorsOral200, 100 MGfrom$6736.19
VitrakviKinase InhibitorsOral25, 20, 100 MGfrom$19650.19

Introduction

Adrenal cancer is a rare form of cancer that affects the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are small, triangular-shaped glands located on top of the kidneys. They produce hormones that are essential for various bodily functions, such as regulating blood pressure, metabolizing food, responding to stress, and maintaining a balance of electrolytes. Adrenal cancer, also known as adrenocortical carcinoma, occurs when abnormal cells develop in the outer layer of the adrenal glands, disrupting their normal functioning.

Causes

The exact cause of adrenal cancer is unknown. However, certain factors may increase the risk of developing this condition. In some cases, a genetic mutation can be inherited from a parent, leading to an increased risk of developing adrenal cancer. Some genetic syndromes, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome and Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome, have been associated with an increased risk of developing adrenal cancer. Exposure to certain environmental toxins or having a history of radiation therapy may also contribute to the development of adrenal cancer.

Symptoms

Adrenal cancer often remains undetected in its early stages, as symptoms may not become apparent until the tumor grows larger or spreads to other organs. Some common symptoms associated with adrenal cancer include: 1. Abdominal pain or a mass in the abdomen 2. Unexplained weight loss 3. Feeling full too quickly or loss of appetite 4. Fatigue or weakness 5. High blood pressure 6. Excessive hair growth (in females) 7. Irregular menstrual periods (in females) 8. Excessive sweating It is important to note that these symptoms can be indicative of many other health conditions, and their presence does not necessarily mean a person has adrenal cancer. If any of these symptoms are present, it is crucial to consult a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Diagnosing adrenal cancer typically involves a combination of imaging tests, blood tests, and a biopsy. Imaging tests, such as computed tomography (CT) scans and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), can help visualize the adrenal glands and detect any abnormalities or tumors. Blood tests may be conducted to check hormone levels, as adrenal tumors often produce excessive amounts of certain hormones. A biopsy, which involves taking a small tissue sample from the tumor, is often performed to confirm the diagnosis of adrenal cancer.

Treatment

The treatment of adrenal cancer depends on several factors, including the stage of the cancer, the size and location of the tumor, and the overall health of the patient. Common treatment options for adrenal cancer may include: 1. Surgery: The primary treatment for localized adrenal cancer is the surgical removal of the tumor. In some cases, the entire adrenal gland, as well as nearby lymph nodes and other affected tissues, may need to be removed. 2. Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy may be recommended to kill cancer cells that have spread beyond the adrenal glands or to shrink tumors before surgery. It involves the administration of powerful drugs that target and destroy cancer cells. 3. Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy uses high-energy X-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. It may be used before or after surgery or in cases where surgery is not an option. 4. Targeted therapy: In some cases, targeted therapy drugs may be prescribed to specifically target and disrupt the growth of cancer cells. These drugs are designed to inhibit specific molecular targets involved in cancer cell growth and proliferation.

Prevention

Since the exact cause of adrenal cancer is unknown, there are currently no known methods for preventing its development. However, awareness of risk factors, such as genetic syndromes, environmental exposures, and a family history of adrenal cancer, can help identify individuals who may be at