HomeConditionsCervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is a common type of cancer affecting women. It is primarily caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. Risk factors include smoking, weakened immune system, long-term use of hormonal contraceptives, and multiple sexual partners. Symptoms may include abnormal bleeding, vaginal discharge, pelvic pain, and pain during urination. Diagnosis is done through screening tests and further confirmatory tests. Treatment options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Prevention involves HPV

Best medications for Cervical Cancer

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
Bleomycin SulfateGlycopeptide AntibioticsInjection15, 30 UNITfrom$324.92
RozlytrekKinase InhibitorsOral200, 100 MGfrom$6736.19
VitrakviKinase InhibitorsOral25, 20, 100 MGfrom$19650.19

Overview

Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the cells of the cervix, which is the lower part of the uterus that connects to the vagina. It is one of the most common types of cancer affecting women worldwide. Cervical cancer is typically caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection.

Causes

As mentioned earlier, the primary cause of cervical cancer is infection with HPV. HPV is a common virus that is spread through sexual contact. Not all women infected with HPV will develop cervical cancer, as the immune system can often clear the infection on its own. However, certain types of HPV, particularly high-risk strains, can lead to abnormal cell changes in the cervix, which can eventually develop into cancer if left untreated. Other factors that may increase the risk of developing cervical cancer include: - Smoking: Women who smoke are more likely to develop cervical cancer than non-smokers. Chemicals present in tobacco can damage DNA in cervical cells, making them more susceptible to cancerous changes. - Weakened immune system: A weakened immune system, due to factors such as HIV infection or certain medications, can make it more difficult for the body to fight off HPV and other infections. - Long-term use of hormonal contraceptives: Women who have used certain types of hormonal contraceptives for an extended period may be at a slightly higher risk of developing cervical cancer. - Multiple sexual partners: Engaging in sexual activity with multiple partners increases the risk of exposure to HPV and other sexually transmitted infections.

Symptoms

In the early stages, cervical cancer may not cause any noticeable symptoms. However, as the cancer progresses, the following signs and symptoms may occur: - Abnormal vaginal bleeding, such as bleeding between periods, after intercourse, or after menopause - Unusual vaginal discharge that may be watery, foul-smelling, or tinged with blood - Pelvic pain or discomfort during sexual intercourse - Pain during urination It is important to note that these symptoms can also be caused by conditions other than cervical cancer. Nevertheless, if any of these signs and symptoms persist, it is essential to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.

Diagnosis

Cervical cancer is often detected through regular screening tests, such as the Papanicolaou (Pap) test, which involves collecting cells from the cervix to be examined for abnormalities. If abnormal cell changes are detected, further tests, such as colposcopy or biopsy, may be performed to confirm the presence of cervical cancer.

Treatment

The treatment of cervical cancer depends on various factors, including the stage of the cancer, the woman's age and overall health, and her desire to have children in the future. Treatment options may include: - Surgery: Depending on the stage and extent of the cancer, surgery may involve removing the cancerous tissue from the cervix or, in advanced cases, removing the entire uterus (hysterectomy). - Radiation therapy: This treatment uses high-energy beams to destroy cancer cells. It can be administered externally or internally (brachytherapy) through the placement of radiation sources near the cervix. - Chemotherapy: Drugs are used to kill cancer cells or stop their growth. Chemotherapy may be given in combination with radiation therapy or as a standalone treatment. Regular follow-up appointments and screenings are crucial for monitoring the effectiveness of the treatment and detecting any potential recurrence of cervical cancer.

Prevention

Prevention of cervical cancer primarily involves vaccination against HPV and regular cervical cancer screenings. The HPV vaccine is recommended for girls and boys between the ages of 9 and 14, although it can be given up to age