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Eye Infection

Eye Infections: This article provides an overview of eye infections, including their causes, symptoms, types, treatment, and prevention. It emphasizes the importance of seeking medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment to prevent complications and preserve vision.

Best medications for Eye Infection

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
BaciguentPolypeptide AntibioticsExternal500 UNIT/GMfrom$4.01
Pred-GAminoglycoside Antibiotic / Corticosteroid CombinationsOphthalmic0.3-1, 0.3-0.6 %from$23.72
ZymaxidQuinolone AntibioticsOphthalmic0.5 %from$24.83
PolytrimPolypeptide / Antifolate Antibiotic CombinationsOphthalmic10000-0.1 UNIT/ML-%from$6.53
MoxezaQuinolone AntibioticsOphthalmic0.5 %from$19.84
MaxitrolAminoglycoside Antibiotic / Polypeptide Antibiotic / Corticosteroid CombinationsOphthalmic3.5-10000-0.1, 0.1from$9.22
TobrexAminoglycoside AntibioticsOphthalmic0.3 %from$3.63
NatacynPolyene AntifungalsOphthalmic5 %from$492.65
TobraDexAminoglycoside Antibiotic / Corticosteroid CombinationsOphthalmic0.3-0.05, 0.3-0.1 %from$38.62
TobraDex STAminoglycoside Antibiotic / Corticosteroid CombinationsOphthalmic0.3-0.05 %from$233.67

Definition

Causes

Symptoms

Types

Treatment

Prevention

Definition

Eye infections, also known as ocular infections, refer to various infections that affect the eyes and surrounding tissues. The infections can involve the conjunctiva (conjunctivitis), the eyelids (blepharitis), or the cornea (keratitis). These infections are typically caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites and can occur in one or both eyes. Eye infections can range from mild and self-limiting to severe and potentially sight-threatening if left untreated.

Causes

Eye infections can be caused by different microorganisms. The most common causes include: 1. Bacteria: Bacterial eye infections can result from improper contact lens use, poor personal hygiene, or exposure to contaminated water or objects. 2. Viruses: Viral infections like viral conjunctivitis (commonly known as "pink eye") are highly contagious and often spread through direct or indirect contact with infected individuals or contaminated surfaces. 3. Fungi: Fungal eye infections are relatively rare but can occur in individuals with weakened immune systems or those who have experienced eye trauma in a contaminated environment. 4. Parasites: Parasitic eye infections are uncommon but can be contracted by contact with infected animals or contaminated water.

Symptoms

The symptoms of an eye infection can vary depending on the type and severity of the infection. Common signs and symptoms may include: - Redness and swelling of the eye - Eye discharge or excessive tearing - Itchiness or burning sensation in the eyes - Sensitivity to light - Blurred or reduced vision - Pain or discomfort in and around the eye - Crusty eyelashes or eyelids - Foreign body sensation or gritty feeling in the eye If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to seek medical attention for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Types

There are several types of eye infections, including: 1. Conjunctivitis: Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is the inflammation or infection of the conjunctiva. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or allergies. 2. Blepharitis: This condition involves inflammation of the eyelids, often resulting from bacterial infections or poor eyelid hygiene. 3. Keratitis: Keratitis is the inflammation or infection of the cornea, which can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites. It may lead to vision loss if not promptly treated. 4. Endophthalmitis: Endophthalmitis is a severe infection that affects the inner layers of the eye, often occurring as a complication of eye surgery or trauma.

Treatment

The treatment approach for eye infections depends on the underlying cause and severity of the infection. It is crucial to consult an eye care professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment, which may include: - Antibiotic or antiviral eye drops, ointments, or oral medications - Anti-inflammatory medications to reduce swelling and discomfort - Warm compresses and eyelid scrubs for certain types of infections - Artificial tears or lubricating ointments to relieve dryness and irritation - Avoidance of contact lens use or proper care and hygiene for contact lens