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Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer is a condition that occurs when abnormal cells in the thyroid gland grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor. It is relatively uncommon but usually treatable. Risk factors include radiation exposure, family history, being female, and certain benign thyroid conditions. Symptoms may include neck swelling, hoarseness, cough, difficulty swallowing, and neck pain. Diagnosis involves physical examination, ultrasound imaging, biopsy, and blood tests. Treatment options include surgery, radioactive iodine therapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy,

Best medications for Thyroid Cancer

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
RetevmoRET InhibitorsOral80, 40 MGfrom$3798.15
SynthroidThyroxinesOral150, 200, 88, 137, 175, 112, 300, 100, 50, 75, 25, 125 MCGfrom$4.00
LevoxylThyroxinesOral150, 200, 88, 137, 175, 112, 100, 50, 75, 25, 125 MCGfrom$4.00
UnithroidThyroxinesOral150, 200, 88, 137, 175, 112, 300, 100, 50, 75, 25, 125 MCGfrom$4.00
EuthyroxThyroxinesOral150, 200, 88, 137, 175, 112, 100, 50, 75, 25, 125 MCGfrom$4.00
CytomelTriiodothyroninesOral25, 5, 50 MCGfrom$10.58
CaprelsaKinase InhibitorsOral100, 300 MGfrom$8747.41
Tirosint-SOLThyroxinesOral37.5, 13, 44, 150, 200, 62.5, 88, 137, 175, 112, 100, 50, 75, 25, 125 MCG/MLfrom$5.99
ErmezaThyroxinesOral150 MCG/5MLfrom$275.54
TirosintThyroxinesOral37.5, 13, 44, 150, 200, 62.5, 88, 137, 175, 112, 100, 50, 75, 25, 125 MCGfrom$3.51


Thyroid cancer is a condition that affects the thyroid gland, a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the front of the neck. This type of cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the thyroid gland start to grow and divide uncontrollably, forming a tumor. Thyroid cancer is relatively uncommon compared to other types of cancer, but it is typically treatable and has a good prognosis.

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, but certain factors may increase a person's risk of developing the disease. These risk factors include:

  • Exposure to high levels of radiation, especially during childhood

  • A family history of thyroid cancer

  • Being female, as thyroid cancer is more common in women

  • Having a history of certain benign thyroid conditions

It's important to note that having one or more risk factors does not necessarily mean that a person will develop thyroid cancer.


In its early stages, thyroid cancer often does not cause any noticeable symptoms. As the cancer progresses, however, various symptoms may arise, including:

  • A lump or swelling in the neck, typically in the front

  • Hoarseness or voice changes

  • Persistent cough not related to a cold

  • Difficulty swallowing or breathing

  • Neck or throat pain

  • Swollen lymph nodes in the neck

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for further evaluation.


To diagnose thyroid cancer, a healthcare provider may perform several tests, including:

  • Physical examination of the neck

  • Ultrasound imaging of the thyroid gland

  • Biopsy to analyze a sample of thyroid tissue

  • Blood tests to assess thyroid function

These diagnostic tests help determine the presence of cancer, the type of thyroid cancer, and the extent of its spread.


The treatment of thyroid cancer depends on various factors, including the type and stage of cancer, as well as the patient's overall health. Common treatment options include:

  • Surgery to remove part or all of the thyroid gland

  • Radioactive iodine therapy to destroy any remaining cancer cells

  • External beam radiation therapy

  • Chemotherapy

  • Hormone therapy to replace or suppress thyroid hormones

Treatment plans are often personalized to meet the individual needs of each patient and may involve a combination of these approaches.


Since the exact cause of thyroid cancer is unknown, there are no specific measures to prevent it. However, minimizing exposure to radiation, especially during childhood, may help reduce the risk. Regular check-ups and routine screenings can also aid in the early detection and treatment of thyroid cancer.


Thyroid cancer is a relatively rare form of cancer that primarily affects the thyroid gland. While the exact cause is unknown, certain risk factors have been identified. Recognizing the symptoms and seeking timely medical attention is crucial for prompt diagnosis and effective treatment. With advancements in medical care, the prognosis