Warts, caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), are common skin growths that can appear on various parts of the body. This article discusses the different types of warts, their causes, and available treatment options, including over-the-counter medications, cryotherapy, laser therapy, surgical removal, and immunotherapy. While most warts go away on their own, treatment may be necessary in certain cases. It is important to seek professional advice for personalized care.

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Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
ImiquimodImmune Response ModifiersExternal2.5, 5-0.025, 5-1-2, 5-30-0.1, 5, 5-1-0.05, 3.75 %from$364.47
VirasalBeta Hydroxy AcidsExternal27.5 %from$28.90
UltraSal-ERBeta Hydroxy AcidsExternal28.5 %from$59.36


Warts, also known as verrucae, are a common skin condition caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. They are characterized by small, rough growths that usually appear on the hands, feet, or genital area. Warts can be unsightly and sometimes painful, but they are generally harmless and often go away on their own over time. In this article, we will explore the different types of warts, their causes, and available treatment options.

Types of Warts

There are several types of warts, each varying in appearance and location. The most common types include: 1. Common Warts: These warts typically appear on the hands, but can also be found on fingers, elbows, and knees. They have a rough, cauliflower-like texture. 2. Plantar Warts: Plantar warts develop on the soles of the feet and can be quite painful, especially when walking. They are often surrounded by thick, calloused skin. 3. Flat Warts: Flat warts are small, smooth, and flat-topped. They usually appear in large numbers on the face, neck, hands, or legs. 4. Genital Warts: As the name suggests, genital warts affect the genital and anal areas. They are typically sexually transmitted and require medical attention.

Causes of Warts

Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV), which enters the body through small cuts or breaks in the skin. HPV is highly contagious and can be transmitted from person to person through direct contact or by touching objects or surfaces contaminated with the virus. Certain factors can increase the risk of developing warts, including weakened immune system, frequent skin contact with water, and personal or sexual contact with an infected individual.

Treatment Options

While warts often resolve on their own without treatment, some cases may require intervention. There are various treatment options available, including: 1. Over-the-counter medications: Topical creams, gels, or solutions containing salicylic acid can be applied directly to the wart to gradually dissolve it. 2. Cryotherapy: This procedure involves freezing the wart with liquid nitrogen, causing it to blister and eventually fall off. It may require multiple sessions for effective results. 3. Laser therapy: A focused laser beam is used to destroy the blood vessels feeding the wart, leading to its removal. 4. Surgical removal: In certain cases, warts may need to be surgically excised. This is typically reserved for larger warts or those that do not respond to other treatment methods. 5. Immunotherapy: This approach involves stimulating the body's immune response to attack and eliminate the wart. It is important to note that warts can sometimes recur even after successful treatment. Regular handwashing and avoiding picking or scratching the affected areas can help prevent the spread of warts.


Warts are a common skin condition caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. While they can be bothersome and unsightly, most warts go away on their own without treatment. However, if treatment is desired or necessary, there are several options available to remove warts effectively. If you have concerns about a wart or are unsure about the appropriate treatment, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for guidance and personalized care.