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Bacterial Vaginosis

Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal infection caused by an imbalance of bacteria. It is not a sexually transmitted infection but can be influenced by various factors like multiple sexual partners, douching, and hormonal changes. Symptoms include abnormal discharge, odor, itching, and burning sensation. Diagnosis involves pelvic examination and laboratory testing. Treatment includes antibiotics, and preventive measures include limiting sexual partners, avoiding douching, and practicing safe sex.

Best medications for Bacterial Vaginosis

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
CleocinLincosamide AntibioticsOral150, 600, 900, 300, 1, 75, 9, 2, 100 MGfrom$9.59
metroNIDAZOLENitroimidazole AntibioticsIntravenous375, 500, 250, 1-1, 1, 5, 50, 1-4, 1-2, 1.3, 0.75, 100 MG/MLfrom$3.58
VandazoleNitroimidazole AntibioticsVaginal0.75 %from$23.09
XaciatoLincosamide AntibioticsVaginal2 %from$152.88
Trimo-SanAntisepticsVaginal0.025-0.01, 0.025 %from$28.80
Fem pHAcetic AcidsVaginal0.9-0.025 %from$109.57
SolosecNitroimidazole AntibioticsOral2 GMfrom$8143.65
ClindesseLincosamide AntibioticsVaginal2 %from$141.62


Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a common vaginal infection that occurs when the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina becomes disrupted. It is the most common cause of vaginal discharge among women of childbearing age. BV is not a sexually transmitted infection, although sexual activity can increase the risk of developing the condition. This article will provide an overview of the causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options for bacterial vaginosis.


The exact cause of bacterial vaginosis is not yet fully understood, but it is believed to occur due to an overgrowth of certain bacteria in the vagina. These bacteria include Gardnerella vaginalis, Prevotella species, and Mobiluncus species, which replace the normal lactobacilli bacteria that usually dominate the vagina. The disruption of this balance can be influenced by various factors, including: - Multiple sexual partners - Douching - Using intrauterine devices - Smoking - Hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy or menstrual cycle


Many women with bacterial vaginosis may not experience any symptoms at all. However, when symptoms do occur, they may include: - Abnormal vaginal discharge that is thin, white, or gray in color - Fishy odor, especially after sexual intercourse - Itching or irritation in and around the vagina - Burning sensation during urination It is important to note that these symptoms are not specific to bacterial vaginosis and can be associated with other vaginal infections, such as yeast infections or sexually transmitted infections. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is advisable to seek medical attention for a proper diagnosis.


To diagnose bacterial vaginosis, a healthcare provider will typically perform a pelvic examination and request a sample of vaginal discharge for laboratory testing. During the examination, the healthcare provider will look for signs of inflammation or a thin, grayish-white discharge characteristic of BV. The laboratory tests may involve examining the sample under a microscope or performing a pH test to evaluate the acidity level of the vagina.


Bacterial vaginosis can be treated with antibiotics, which can be prescribed as oral tablets or vaginal creams or gels. Commonly prescribed antibiotics include metronidazole and clindamycin. It is important to complete the full course of treatment, even if symptoms improve, to ensure the infection is fully eradicated. Recurrent or persistent cases of bacterial vaginosis may require additional or alternative treatment options.


While it may not always be possible to prevent bacterial vaginosis, there are some measures that can help reduce the risk of developing the infection. These include: - Limiting the number of sexual partners - Avoiding douching, which disrupts the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina - Practicing safe sex by using condoms - Wearing cotton underwear and avoiding tight-fitting clothing In conclusion, bacterial vaginosis is a common vaginal infection caused by an imbalance of bacteria in the vagina. While it is not a sexually transmitted infection, certain lifestyle factors and behaviors can increase the risk of developing the condition. Prompt diagnosis and appropriate treatment are important to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications. If you suspect you have bacterial vaginosis or experience any related symptoms, consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.