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Birth Control

"Birth control methods empower individuals to make informed decisions about pregnancy prevention. Hormonal methods, such as pills and injections, manipulate hormones to inhibit ovulation. Barrier methods, like condoms and diaphragms, physically block sperm. Intrauterine devices (IUDs) provide long-term contraception, either through hormones or copper. Permanent methods, such as tubal ligation and vasectomy, are irreversible choices. Emergency contraception serves as a backup option in emergencies. Understanding the different options available helps ensure

Best medications for Birth Control

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
Depo-ProveraProgestinsIntramuscular400, 150 MG/MLfrom$21.80
TaytullaEstrogen / Progestin / Iron CombinationsOral1-20 MG-MCG(24)from$26.24
Generess FEEstrogen / Progestin / Iron CombinationsOral0.8-25 MG-MCGfrom$30.77
Layolis FEEstrogen / Progestin / Iron CombinationsOral0.8-25 MG-MCGfrom$30.77
NuvaRingEstrogen / Progestin CombinationsVaginal0.12-0.015 MG/24HRfrom$36.32
NexplanonProgestinsSubcutaneous68 MGfrom$31168.35
Tri-Lo-MarziaEstrogen / Progestin CombinationsOral0.18/0.215/0.25 MG-25 MCGfrom$14.52
Tri-Lo-EstaryllaEstrogen / Progestin CombinationsOral0.18/0.215/0.25 MG-25 MCGfrom$14.52
CyredEstrogen / Progestin CombinationsOral0.15-30 MG-MCGfrom$12.96
Drospirenone-Ethinyl EstradiolEstrogen / Progestin CombinationsOral3-0.02, 3-0.03 MGfrom$12.10


Birth control, also known as contraception, refers to methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy. It plays a vital role in family planning by giving individuals the power to make informed decisions about when and if they want to have children. With numerous options available, it is essential to understand the various types of birth control methods and how they work.

Hormonal Methods

Hormonal methods of birth control involve the use of synthetic hormones to prevent pregnancy. These methods work by manipulating the natural hormonal processes in a woman's body, primarily by inhibiting ovulation, thickening cervical mucus, and altering the lining of the uterus. Some of the most common hormonal methods include:

  • Birth Control Pills: These oral medications contain synthetic hormones that prevent pregnancy by suppressing ovulation.

  • Birth Control Patch: A small adhesive patch containing hormones is applied to the skin, releasing hormones to prevent pregnancy.

  • Birth Control Injection: A hormonal injection is administered every few months to provide contraception.

  • Birth Control Implant: A small implant is placed under the skin, releasing hormones to prevent pregnancy for several years.

Barrier Methods

Barrier methods of birth control work by physically blocking sperm from reaching the uterus. These methods are easily accessible and have the added benefit of protecting against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Common barrier methods include:

  • Condoms: These thin sheaths prevent sperm from entering the vagina and can be used by males or females.

  • Diaphragms: A shallow, silicone dome inserted into the vagina, covering the cervix and blocking sperm.

  • Cervical Cap: Similar to a diaphragm, a cervical cap is a smaller silicone cup used to cover the cervix.

  • Spermicide: A chemical agent, available in various forms such as foam, gel, or suppositories, that kills sperm.

Intrauterine Devices

Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are small, T-shaped devices inserted into the uterus to provide long-term contraception. There are two main types:

  • Hormonal IUDs: These devices continuously release hormones to prevent ovulation and alter the uterine lining.

  • Copper IUDs: Copper acts as a spermicide, preventing fertilization and implantation of the egg.

Permanent Methods

Permanent methods of birth control are considered irreversible and are typically chosen when an individual or couple has decided not to have any more children. These methods include:

  • Tubal ligation: A surgical procedure that blocks or seals the fallopian tubes, preventing the egg from meeting sperm.

  • Vasectomy: A surgical procedure that involves cutting or blocking the vas deferens, preventing sperm from reaching the semen.

Emergency Contraception

Emergency contraception, also known as the "morning-after pill," is used to prevent pregnancy following unprotected sex or contraceptive failure. It is essential to note that emergency contraception is not intended as a regular form of birth control but rather as a backup option in cases of emergencies.


Birth control methods provide individuals and couples with control and choice when it comes to family planning. There is no one