Hives, also known as urticaria, are itchy raised welts on the skin. Common causes include allergens, stress, and underlying medical conditions. Symptoms include red welts, itching, and sometimes swelling. Treatment options include antihistamines and identifying triggers. Preventive measures include avoiding triggers and managing stress.

Best medications for Hives

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
ZyrTECAntihistaminesOral2.5, 5-120, 1, 5, 10 MGfrom$43.84
VistarilAntihistaminesOral25, 50 MGfrom$4.34
ClarinexAntihistaminesOral2.5-120, 5 MGfrom$16.68
Clemastine FumarateAntihistaminesOral1.34, 2.68, 0.67 MG/5MLfrom$13.31
Levocetirizine DihydrochlorideAntihistaminesOral2.5, 5 MGfrom$9.79
Cyproheptadine HClAntihistaminesOral2, 4 MG/5MLfrom$15.14
RyVentAntihistaminesOral6 MGfrom$427.75
Dexchlorpheniramine MaleateAntihistaminesDoes Not Apply2from$229.05
Karbinal ERAntihistaminesOral4 MG/5MLfrom$253.07


Hives, also known as urticaria, is a common skin condition that affects millions of people worldwide. It is characterized by itchy, raised welts on the skin that can vary in size and shape. Hives can appear suddenly and may disappear within a few hours or persist for weeks or even months. While hives are typically harmless, they can be uncomfortable and may interfere with daily activities. In this article, we will explore the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for hives.

Causes of Hives

Hives are often caused by an allergic reaction to certain substances, such as certain foods, medications, insect bites, or allergens present in the environment. When the body comes into contact with an allergen, it releases histamine and other chemicals, which cause blood vessels to leak fluid, leading to the development of hives.

In some cases, hives can also be triggered by non-allergic factors including stress, heat, cold temperatures, pressure on the skin, or certain underlying medical conditions such as infections or autoimmune disorders.

Symptoms of Hives

Hives are typically characterized by pink or red, raised welts that can appear anywhere on the body. These welts can vary in size, from a few millimeters to several inches in diameter. They often itch intensely and may be surrounded by a red halo or flare. Hives can appear and disappear rapidly, with new welts developing as old ones fade.

In some cases, hives may be accompanied by swelling, known as angioedema, particularly in the lips, eyelids, tongue, or throat. This can cause difficulty breathing or swallowing and requires immediate medical attention.

Treatment for Hives

The primary goal of hives treatment is to relieve symptoms and prevent recurrent outbreaks. Mild cases of hives can often be managed with over-the-counter antihistamines, which help reduce itching and inflammation. However, it is important to consult a healthcare professional before starting any medication.

In severe or persistent cases, a doctor may prescribe stronger antihistamines, corticosteroids, or immune-suppressing medications to control the symptoms. Additionally, identifying and avoiding the triggers that cause hives is crucial in preventing future outbreaks. If an underlying medical condition is the cause of hives, treating the underlying condition may be necessary.

Preventing Hives

While it may not be possible to prevent all cases of hives, there are some steps that can be taken to minimize the risk of developing this condition. These include:

  • Avoiding known triggers, such as specific foods, medications, or environmental allergens

  • Managing stress through relaxation techniques

  • Keeping the body cool and avoiding extreme temperatures

  • Wearing loose-fitting clothing

  • Using fragrance-free and gentle skincare products


Hives are a common skin condition that can be triggered by both allergenic and non-allergenic causes. While they can be uncomfortable, proper management and treatment can help alleviate symptoms and prevent recurrent outbreaks. If you experience hives or suspect an allergic reaction, it is important to consult with a healthcare professional for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment plan.