Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen veins in the rectum and anus that can cause pain and discomfort. They can occur internally or externally and are common in both men and women. Causes include straining during bowel movements, sitting for long periods, obesity, pregnancy, and genetics. Symptoms range from itching and swelling to bleeding and pain. Treatment involves self-care measures, lifestyle changes, over-the-counter creams, and in severe cases, medical procedures. It is important to seek medical

Best medications for Hemorrhoids

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
Proctofoam HCLocal Anesthetic / Corticosteroid CombinationsExternal1-1 %from$183.91
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Hydrocortisone AcetateCorticosteroidsExternal2.5, 1.12, 1, 10, 25, 2, 30 %from$9.68
NupercainalLocal AnestheticsExternal1 %from$3.02
DibucaineLocal AnestheticsExternal1 %from$3.53
ProctocortCorticosteroidsRectal30, 1 MGfrom$89.48
Anucort-HCCorticosteroidsRectal25 MGfrom$22.15
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Anusol-HCCorticosteroidsExternal25, 2.5 %from$22.15

What are Hemorrhoids?

Hemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swollen and inflamed veins in the rectum and anus that can cause discomfort and pain. They can occur both internally and externally, with symptoms varying from mild itching and irritation to severe pain and bleeding. Hemorrhoids are a common condition, affecting both men and women of all ages. While they can be bothersome and painful, they are not usually serious and can often be managed with self-care measures.

Causes and Risk Factors

Several factors can contribute to the development of hemorrhoids. The primary cause is increased pressure on the blood vessels in the rectal area. This pressure can result from various factors, including: - Straining during bowel movements - Chronic constipation or diarrhea - Sitting for extended periods, especially on the toilet - Obesity or being overweight - Pregnancy and childbirth - Aging - Anal intercourse - Genetics While anyone can develop hemorrhoids, certain individuals may have a higher risk. Those at increased risk include pregnant women, older adults, people with chronic constipation or diarrhea, and individuals who frequently lift heavy objects.

Types of Hemorrhoids

Hemorrhoids can be classified into two main types: internal and external. - Internal hemorrhoids: These occur inside the rectum and are not visible or felt unless they prolapse, causing symptoms such as bleeding or protrusion during bowel movements. - External hemorrhoids: These occur outside the anus and can be felt and seen as lumps or swollen tissue around the anal area. External hemorrhoids may be accompanied by itching, pain, and bleeding.

Symptoms and Diagnosis

The signs and symptoms of hemorrhoids can vary depending on the type and severity. Some common symptoms include: - Itching or irritation in the anal region - Swelling and inflammation around the anus - Pain or discomfort, especially during bowel movements - Bright red blood on toilet paper, in the toilet bowl, or on the surface of stools - Painless lumps or swelling near the anus - Leakage of feces - A sensation of incomplete bowel movements To diagnose hemorrhoids, a healthcare professional may perform a physical examination of the anus and rectum. In some cases, additional tests such as a digital rectal examination or a sigmoidoscopy may be recommended to rule out other potential causes of the symptoms.

Treatment and Prevention

Mild cases of hemorrhoids can often be managed with simple self-care measures and lifestyle changes. Some effective strategies include: - Eating a high-fiber diet to prevent constipation - Staying hydrated and drinking plenty of water - Avoiding straining during bowel movements - Taking warm baths or applying warm compresses to the affected area - Practicing good hygiene by keeping the anal area clean and dry - Exercising regularly to stimulate bowel movements and improve circulation In cases where self-care measures are not sufficient, over-the-counter creams, ointments, or suppositories may provide relief. In more severe cases, procedures such as rubber band ligation, sclerotherapy, or surgical removal may be necessary. To prevent hemorrhoids, it is important to maintain healthy bowel habits and avoid habits that increase pressure on the veins in the anal area. This includes maintaining a high-fiber diet, avoiding straining during bowel movements, and staying physically active.

When to Seek Medical Advice

While hemorrhoids can typically be managed at home, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional if: - Symptoms persist despite self-care measures - There is excessive bleeding during bowel movements - Severe pain or discomfort is experienced - The lumps or swelling do not improve or become more painful A healthcare provider can provide an accurate diagnosis, offer appropriate treatment options, and rule out more serious underlying conditions. In