HomeConditionsSkin Cancer

Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is a prevalent type of cancer caused by UV radiation. There are three main types: BCC, SCC, and melanoma, with prevention focusing on sun protection. Early detection and treatment options are vital in managing skin cancer effectively.

Best medications for Skin Cancer

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
HydreaAntimetabolitesOral500 MGfrom$10.48
TrexallAntifolatesOral7.5, 15, 5, 10 MGfrom$1267.85
AldaraImmune Response ModifiersExternal5 %from$21.50
EfudexNucleoside Metabolic InhibitorsExternal5 %from$35.36
OdomzoHedgehog Pathway InhibitorsOral200 MGfrom$13849.79
MethotrexateAntifolatesInjection2.5, 250, 17.5, 7.5, 1, 15, 22.5, 20, 1000, 10, 5, 25, 50, 12.5, 30 GMfrom$315.65
RozlytrekKinase InhibitorsOral200, 100 MGfrom$6736.19
ErivedgeHedgehog Pathway InhibitorsOral150 MGfrom$14439.74
VitrakviKinase InhibitorsOral25, 20, 100 MGfrom$19650.19
ValchlorAlkylating DrugsExternal0.016 %from$5948.15

Introduction

Skin cancer is a type of cancer that affects the skin, which is the largest organ of the body. It occurs when abnormal cells in the skin grow and multiply uncontrollably. Skin cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer, and its incidence has been increasing globally over the past few decades. It is mainly caused by exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or artificial tanning devices.

Types of Skin Cancer

There are three main types of skin cancer: basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma. BCC is the most common type, accounting for about 80% of all skin cancer cases. It usually appears as a flesh-colored or pearly bump that may bleed easily or develop a crust. SCC is the second most common type, typically appearing as a scaly red patch, an open sore, or a raised growth with a central depression. Melanoma, although less common, is the most dangerous form of skin cancer as it can spread to other parts of the body.

Risk Factors

Several factors can increase the risk of developing skin cancer. The most significant risk factor is excessive exposure to UV radiation, whether from the sun or artificial sources like tanning beds. Fair-skinned individuals, especially those with light hair and eye color, are more susceptible to the harmful effects of UV radiation. Other risk factors include a family history of skin cancer, a weakened immune system, certain genetic conditions, and a history of sunburns or excessive sun exposure during childhood.

Prevention

Preventing skin cancer involves taking measures to protect the skin from harmful UV radiation. Some preventive measures include:

  • Limiting exposure to the sun between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. when the sun's rays are strongest.

  • Seeking shade and staying under the shade of trees, umbrellas, or buildings.

  • Wearing protective clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, wide-brimmed hats, and sunglasses with UV protection.

  • Applying sunscreen with a high sun protection factor (SPF) to exposed skin, and reapplying it every two hours or after sweating or swimming.

  • Avoiding artificial tanning devices, as they also emit harmful UV radiation.

Diagnosis and Treatment

Early detection plays a crucial role in the successful treatment of skin cancer. Regular self-examinations of the skin and scheduling routine skin cancer screenings with a healthcare professional are important. If skin cancer is suspected, a biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis. Treatment options depend on the type, size, and stage of the cancer but may include surgical removal, radiation therapy, topical medications, or targeted therapies.

Conclusion

Skin cancer is a common and potentially serious condition that can be prevented and treated if detected early. By practicing sun safety habits and being aware of the signs of skin cancer, individuals can reduce their risk and protect their skin from harm. It is vital to seek medical advice if any abnormal skin changes or suspicious growths are noticed. Remember, prevention and early intervention are key to managing skin cancer effectively.