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SGLT2 Inhibitors: Uses, Common Brands, and Safety Info

SGLT2 inhibitors are a class of medications used to manage type 2 diabetes by blocking the reabsorption of glucose in the kidneys. Common brands include Invokana, Farxiga, and Jardiance. While generally safe, side effects may include UTIs and increased risk of dehydration. Serious but rare side effects include diabetic ketoacidosis and necrotizing fasciitis. Consult a healthcare professional for more information.

SGLT2 Inhibitors

SGLT2 inhibitors, also known as sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors, are a class of oral antidiabetic medications used to manage type 2 diabetes. They work by inhibiting the SGLT2 protein, which is responsible for reabsorbing glucose in the kidneys and returning it to the bloodstream. By blocking this protein, SGLT2 inhibitors decrease glucose reabsorption, resulting in increased urinary glucose excretion and ultimately lowering blood glucose levels.


SGLT2 inhibitors are primarily prescribed for individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus who are unable to achieve adequate glycemic control through lifestyle modifications alone. They are often used in conjunction with diet and exercise to help lower blood sugar levels and improve overall glycemic control. These medications can be used as monotherapy or as an adjunct to other antidiabetic drugs, such as metformin or insulin. SGLT2 inhibitors may also be prescribed to individuals with type 1 diabetes in certain cases where other treatments have proven insufficient.

Common Brands

There are several common brands of SGLT2 inhibitors available on the market today. Some of the well-known brands include: 1. Invokana (canagliflozin) 2. Farxiga (dapagliflozin) 3. Jardiance (empagliflozin) 4. Steglatro (ertugliflozin) 5. Zynquista (sotagliflozin) It's important to note that brand availability may vary depending on the country and region.


SGLT2 inhibitors have been generally well-tolerated by most individuals; however, like any medication, they can have potential side effects. It is essential to discuss the safety and potential risks with a healthcare professional before starting treatment with SGLT2 inhibitors. Common side effects may include urinary tract infections (UTIs), yeast infections, increased urination, and thirst. Some individuals may experience low blood pressure and an increased risk of dehydration. Genital mycotic infections have also been reported in both males and females. Rare but serious side effects include diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a potentially life-threatening condition characterized by high blood ketone levels, and rare cases of necrotizing fasciitis of the perineum (Fournier’s gangrene). These serious adverse events are rare, but individuals should seek immediate medical attention if they experience symptoms such as severe abdominal pain, persistent nausea or vomiting, fruity-scented breath, or swelling and redness in the genital or perineal area. As with any medication, it's crucial to inform healthcare providers of any existing medical conditions, current medications, or allergies before starting treatment with SGLT2 inhibitors. Pregnant or breastfeeding individuals should also consult their healthcare provider before initiating therapy. In conclusion, SGLT2 inhibitors are a class of oral antidiabetic medications used primarily for managing type 2 diabetes. They work by inhibiting the SGLT2 protein in the kidneys, reducing glucose reabsorption, and lowering blood glucose levels. While generally well-tolerated, potential side effects should be considered, and healthcare providers should be consulted to determine the suitability and safety of these medications for individual patients.