Eczema

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that causes dry, itchy, and inflamed patches. It can occur at any age and is influenced by genetics, environment, and immune system function. Common symptoms include itching, redness, and thickened skin. While there is no cure for eczema, treatment options include moisturizers, topical steroids, antihistamines, and immunomodulators. Lifestyle changes such as avoiding triggers and maintaining proper skincare can

Best medications for Eczema

Drug NameClassRouteStandard DosagePrice
KenalogCorticosteroidsExternal0.147, 80, 10, 40 MG/GMfrom$101.20
Solu-CORTEFCorticosteroidsInjection500, 250, 1000, 100 MGfrom$4745.98
CortefCorticosteroidsOral20, 10, 5 MGfrom$6.47
MedrolCorticosteroidsInjection500, 16, 80, 8, 32, 20, 1000, 4, 40, 2, 125 MG/MLfrom$26.23
DEPO-MedrolCorticosteroidsInjection80, 20, 40 MG/MLfrom$5.01
SOLU-MedrolCorticosteroidsInjection500, 1000, 40, 2, 125 MGfrom$306.20
CordranTopical CorticosteroidsExternal4, 0.05, 0.025 %from$72.08
NolixTopical CorticosteroidsExternal0.05 %from$72.08
DupixentMonoclonal AntibodiesSubcutaneous200, 100, 300 MG/2MLfrom$1810.06
RayosCorticosteroidsOral5, 2, 1 MGfrom$1313.00

What is Eczema?

Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a chronic skin condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide. It is characterized by inflamed, dry, itchy and red skin patches. Eczema can occur at any age but is most common in infants and young children. For many people, the condition improves over time. However, it can also persist or even appear later in adulthood.

Causes of Eczema

The exact cause of eczema is not fully understood, but it is believed to be a combination of factors including genetics, environment, and an overactive immune system. People with a family history of allergies or asthma are more prone to develop eczema. Certain triggers such as irritants, allergens, stress, temperature changes, and hormonal factors can exacerbate the symptoms of eczema.

Symptoms of Eczema

Eczema presents with a range of symptoms, which may vary from person to person. The most common symptoms include:

  • Severe itching

  • Dry and sensitive skin

  • Red or brownish-gray patches

  • Small, raised bumps that may leak fluid

  • Thickened, cracked, or scaly skin

  • Raw, swollen, or bleeding skin from scratching

Treatment Options for Eczema

While there is currently no cure for eczema, various treatment options can help manage and control the symptoms. These include:

  • Moisturizers: Regularly applying moisturizers can help repair and protect the skin's natural barrier, preventing dryness and reducing itchiness.

  • Topical Steroids: These anti-inflammatory creams or ointments prescribed by a healthcare professional can help reduce inflammation and relieve itching.

  • Antihistamines: Oral antihistamines may be recommended to reduce severe itching and improve sleep quality.

  • Immunomodulators: Prescription creams containing calcineurin inhibitors can help manage eczema by controlling the immune system's response.

  • Wet Dressings: Wet bandages or wraps applied to the affected area can soothe the skin and provide relief from itching.

  • Phototherapy: In some cases, controlled exposure to ultraviolet light under medical supervision may be beneficial in managing eczema.

Lifestyle Tips for Eczema Management

In addition to medical treatments, certain lifestyle changes can help individuals with eczema manage their condition better:

  • Avoiding known triggers such as certain soaps, detergents, fragrances, and allergens can help prevent flare-ups.

  • Keeping the skin hydrated by taking shorter baths or showers with lukewarm water and applying moisturizers immediately afterward.

  • Wearing soft, breathable fabrics made of natural materials to minimize skin irritation.

  • Maintaining a cool and consistent room temperature to prevent excessive sweating and overheating, which can worsen symptoms.

Practicing stress-management techniques like meditation, deep breathing exercises, or yoga may help alleviate stress-related ec