NSAIDs: Uses, Common Brands, and Safety Info

NSAIDs are a class of drugs used to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. They are commonly prescribed for conditions like arthritis, musculoskeletal injuries, menstrual cramps, and fever. Some well-known brands include Advil, Aleve, Celebrex, and Voltaren. However, it is important to use NSAIDs safely, considering dosage, pre-existing conditions, side effects, drug interactions, and allergic reactions. Personalized advice from a healthcare provider is recommended.


Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are a diverse class of medications used primarily to reduce inflammation and relieve pain. These drugs work by inhibiting the production of prostaglandins, which are chemicals that cause inflammation and pain in the body.


NSAIDs are commonly prescribed to treat a variety of conditions, including:

  • Arthritis: NSAIDs are often used to manage the pain and inflammation associated with various forms of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gout.

  • Musculoskeletal injuries: These drugs can also be effective in reducing pain and swelling caused by sprains, strains, and other musculoskeletal injuries.

  • Menstrual cramps: Many NSAIDs are used to alleviate the symptoms of menstrual cramps, including pain, bloating, and discomfort.

  • Fever: Some NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, can help reduce fever in addition to relieving pain and inflammation.

Common Brands:

There are several NSAIDs available on the market, both by prescription and over-the-counter. Some common brands include:

  • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)

  • Naproxen (Aleve)

  • Celecoxib (Celebrex)

  • Meloxicam (Mobic)

  • Diclofenac (Voltaren)


While NSAIDs can be effective in managing pain and inflammation, it is important to use them safely and responsibly. Some common safety considerations include:

  • Dosage and duration: Take NSAIDs as directed by your healthcare provider. Overuse or extended use can increase the risk of gastrointestinal issues and other side effects.

  • Pre-existing conditions: Individuals with certain health conditions, such as stomach ulcers, kidney disease, or heart disease, should exercise caution when using NSAIDs and consult with their healthcare provider for personalized advice.

  • Side effects: NSAIDs can cause side effects such as stomach upset, heartburn, and dizziness. If these symptoms persist or worsen, seek medical attention.

  • Drug interactions: NSAIDs may interact with other medications, including blood thinners and certain antidepressants. Check with your healthcare provider or pharmacist for potential interactions before taking NSAIDs alongside other medications.

  • Allergic reactions: If you experience signs of an allergic reaction, such as hives, difficulty breathing, or swelling, seek immediate medical attention.

It's important to note that this description provides a general overview of NSAIDs and their uses. Every individual is different, and it's crucial to consult with a healthcare provider for personalized advice and guidance regarding the use of these medications.